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New tool for prognosis and choice of therapy for rheumatoid arthritis

23 March, 2017 - Uppsala universitet

In rheumatoid arthritis, antibodies are formed that affect the inflammation in the joints. In an article published today in the journal Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, researchers at Uppsala University show that antibodies against the cartilage protein collagen II are associated with a good prognosis.

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Run Faster! Be Stronger! Can technology make you better?

13 March, 2017 - Umeå universitet

Technological growth is moving at a fast rate. As it advances, it simultaneously shrinks, moving closer to our bodies, intertwining with the many facets of our lives and positions itself between our experiences of the physical environments. When utilizing these technological systems in intense sporting activities, this competition for our focus can lead to problematic scenarios.

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Measurements by school pupils paved way for key research findings

10 March, 2017 - Uppsala universitet

With their measurements and samples, nearly 3,500 schoolchildren have assisted a research study on lakes and global warming, now published in the journal Scientific Reports. The results show that water temperatures generally remain low despite the air becoming warmer. This helps to curb the emission of greenhouse gases.

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One in five residents overuses electricity at neighbours’ expense

6 March, 2017 - Uppsala universitet

Household electricity use falls by more than 30% when residents are obliged to pay for their own personal consumption. This is shown in a new study by researchers at Uppsala University’s and the Research Institute of Industrial Economics (IFN), published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA (PNAS).

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Effects of genes often influenced by network

27 February, 2017 - Uppsala universitet

When many genes regulate a single trait, they commonly work together in large clusters or ‘networks’. Taking this into account allows better predictions of how an individual’s genetic make-up affects the trait concerned. The risk of perceiving the importance of an individual gene incorrectly is also reduced.

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Archeologists at the vanguard of environmental research

26 February, 2017 - Uppsala universitet

The history of people and landscapes, whether natural or cultural, is fundamentally connected. Answering key historical questions about this relation will allow us to approach our most important environmental issues in novel ways. Today in the open access journal PLOS ONE archeologists present a list of 50 priority issues for historical ecology.

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Schizophrenia linked to mother’s low weight during pregnancy

23 February, 2017 - Karolinska Institutet

Children born to mothers who gained too little weight during pregnancy were at increased risk for schizophrenia and other non-affective psychoses later in life, according to new epidemiological research from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden. The findings, which are published in the journal JAMA Psychiatry, confirm the results of several important historical studies that showed a link between exposure to famine while in the womb and increased risk of schizophrenia later in life.

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Genetic data show mainly men migrated from the Pontic steppe to Europe 5,000 years ago

21 February, 2017 - Uppsala universitet

A new study, looking at the sex-specifically inherited X chromosome of prehistoric human remains, shows that hardly any women took part in the extensive migration from the Pontic-Caspian Steppe approximately 5,000 years ago. The great migration that brought farming practices to Europe 4,000 years earlier, on the other hand, consisted of both women and men.

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Cytotoxic immune cell in sick and healthy skin a key to understanding vitiligo

20 February, 2017 - Karolinska Institutet

With the aid of thousands of skin biopsies and over a hundred kilograms of skin, researchers at Karolinska Institutet have observed how two subgroups of immune cell behave in healthy skin. This functional dichotomy is preserved in the inflammatory diseases psoriasis and vitiligo. The study, which is published in the journal Immunity, opens the way for more targeted local treatments for patchy inflammatory skin disorders.

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Body and brain timing can be trained

20 February, 2017 - Umeå universitet

Good timing is vital in many situations of daily life, but is rarely something we consider. In a new dissertation from Umeå University, Olympia Karampela shows that our ability for timing is something that can be trained and it seems to be connected with our cognitive capacity.