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Old cells repair damage in the brains of MS patients

23 January, 2019 - Karolinska Institutet

A new study shows that there is a very limited regeneration of cells in the brain of patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS). These findings underline the importance of treating MS at an early stage of the disease progression, when the affected cells can repair the damage as they are not replaced by new ones. The results are published in the journal Nature by researchers from Swedens Karolinska Institutet and Uppsala University.

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New insights about the role of myelin-producing cells in MS

23 January, 2019 - Karolinska Institutet

Subpopulations of oligodendrocytes, myelin-producing cells in the brain that are targeted by the immune system in multiple sclerosis (MS), are altered in MS and might therefore have additional roles in the disease than previously described. The results are published in the journal Nature, in a study led by researchers at Sweden’s Karolinska Institutet and University of Edinburgh in the UK.

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Genetic ‘Toolkit’ Helps Periwinkles Gain Advantage on the Seashore

8 August, 2018 - Göteborgs universitet

Periwinkles, struggling to survive the seashore battleground, have developed a genetic ‘toolkit’ to help them adapt to different environments, a new study shows. This toolkit has enabled the snail to develop different characteristics according to whether it lives mainly on parts of the sea shore where crabs are a constant threat, or in rocky places […]

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Intelligent maps will help robots navigate in your home

19 June, 2018 - Högskolan i Halmstad

Automated mobile robots have the capacity to help us with many service tasks, such as home care assistance or moving goods in a warehouse. Since robots lack human senses, they depend on sensors and other sources for navigation. New research from Halmstad University in Sweden suggests methods for enabling robots to better understand and become more aware of their surroundings, so that they can efficiently adapt their movements in a complex work space.

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CSR in the context of globalisation

15 June, 2018 - Högskolan i Halmstad

Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has been a hot topic for the last few years. The focus has however been on North America and Europe, at least when it comes to research. But, when firms with their origin in high-income countries enter markets in some of the African countries, the approach to CSR related practices changes. Contexts and circumstances influence how responsibility is interpreted. New doctoral thesis from Halmstad University.

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Few jobs can be completely replaced by new technologies

12 February, 2018 - Handelshögskolan i Stockholm

Artificial intelligence, machine learning, and robotics can perform an increasingly wider variety of jobs, and automation is no longer confined to routine tasks. Nevertheless, the automation potential for non-routine tasks seems to remain limited, especially for tasks involving autonomous mobility, creativity, problem solving, and complex communication.  

The new report The Substitution of Labor: From technological feasibility to other factors influencing job automation is the fifth report from the three-year research project, The Internet and its Direct and Indirect Effects on Innovation and the Swedish Economy under the leadership of Professor Robin Teigland.

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Apgar scores in neonates predict risk of CP and epilepsy

8 February, 2018 - Karolinska Institutet

An infant’s scores on the so-called Apgar scale can predict the risk of a later diagnosis of cerebral palsy or epilepsy. The risk rises with decreasing  Apgar score, but even slightly lowered scores can be linked to a higher risk of these diagnoses, according to an extensive observational study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden published in The BMJ.

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How exercise training promotes a sound mind in a sound body

6 February, 2018 - Karolinska Institutet

A new study from Karolinska Institutet shows that the same mechanisms behind the beneficial effects of exercise training on the brain also help to counteract fat and to strengthen the immune system. The results, which are published in the journal Cell Metabolism, can ultimately give rise to new obesity and diabetes drugs.

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Previous screening results important for decision about smear tests after age 60

25 October, 2017 - Karolinska Institutet

Being screened again after the age of 60 reduces the risk of cervical cancer in women who have previously had abnormal smear tests and in women who did not have smear tests in their 50s, researchers at Karolinska Institutet show. The study, which is published in PLOS Medicine, is important for setting guidelines on the age at which screening can be discontinued.

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Post-traumatic stress symptoms can be prevented by using Tetris in the emergency department

28 March, 2017 - Karolinska Institutet

A single dose psychological intervention including the computer game Tetris can prevent the unpleasant, intrusive memories that develop in some people after suffering a traumatic event. Researchers have been able to demonstrate how the survivors of motor vehicle accidents have fewer such symptoms if they play Tetris in hospital within six hours of admission after also having been asked to recall their memory of the accident. The results of the study, which was conducted by researchers at Karolinska Institutet with colleagues at Oxford University and elsewhere, are published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry.