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Patient charges mean young people visit doctor less

21 August, 2019 - Göteborgs universitet

When young adults pass the age limit for paying patient co-payments, or out-of-pocket prices, their medical consultations in primary care decrease by 7 percent, a study shows. The groups affected most are women and low-income earners. “It’s interesting that, despite relatively low charges, we find a fall in the number of physician visits,” says Naimi […]

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New biomarker may uncover uncontrolled asthma  

20 August, 2019 - Karolinska Institutet

Cytokines are a type of proteins that are important to the signaling between cells in the body’s immune system, for example in the case of an infection or injury. A new study which is being published in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology is now indicating that the cytokine interleukin(IL)-26 could be used as a biological marker (biomarker) for uncontrolled asthma in both adults and children – and could perhaps also be a future goal for new drugs against asthma. These results are presented by researchers at Karolinska Institutet and Lund University.

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Statins can prevent liver cancer

20 August, 2019 - Karolinska Institutet

Fat-soluble statins can prevent liver cancer and reduce mortality in patients with chronic viral hepatitis. These are findings from a study conducted by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, among others. The study is published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

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Training can reverse nicotine-induced brain damage

20 August, 2019 - Göteborgs universitet

Motor-skill training has proved capable of reversing brain impairments in rats treated with nicotine. This effect has been demonstrated in a recent study and, in the long term, the method may also come to be tested as an aid to human smoking cessation. “It was as if the training counteracted many of the changes caused […]

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Increased risk of psychiatric disorders in children with IBD

19 August, 2019 - Karolinska Institutet

Children with Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) run a greater risk of psychiatric disorders, according to a new study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden published in JAMA Pediatrics. The researchers claim that more psychological support and longer follow-up is needed for the children affected and their parents.

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Paper filter from local algae could save lives in Bangladesh

19 August, 2019 - Uppsala universitet

​The problem of access to safe drinking water in most parts of Bangladesh is a persistent challenge. Now, a team of scientists shows that a locally growing and previously unexploited green macroalgae species could be used to extract cellulose nanofibers, which can then be formed into paper sheets with tailored pore size that are utilized for point-of-use water treatment.

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Novel findings explain indirect regulation of glucose homeostasis

16 August, 2019 - Karolinska Institutet

The hormone secreting part of the pancreas, the islets of Langerhans, has a unique cyto-architecture that allows functional interrelationships between the different cell types. Somatostatin is secreted by the delta cell and is an effective inhibitor of the insulin secreting beta cell and the glucagon secreting alpha cell. According to a novel study from Sweden’s Karolinska Instiutet, published in the journal Nature Communications, the delta cell can thereby indirectly affect glucose homeostasis in health and disease.

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New pain organ discovered in the skin

16 August, 2019 - Karolinska Institutet

Researchers at Sweden’s Karolinska Institutet have discovered a new sensory organ that is able to detect painful mechanical damage, such as pricks and impacts. The discovery is being published in the scientific journal Science.

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More cancer cases among women with sleep apnea

15 August, 2019 - Göteborgs universitet

Women with severe sleep apnea appear to be at an elevated risk of getting cancer, a study shows. No causal relationship is demonstrated, but the link between nocturnal hypoxia in women and higher cancer risk is still clear. “It’s reasonable to assume that sleep apnea is a risk factor for cancer, or that both conditions […]

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Medical research ranked higher by people receiving health-related news while they wait

9 August, 2019 - Göteborgs universitet

Could large TV monitors in waiting rooms, informing visitors about current local medical research, be a good idea? A study shows that people provided with news in this way are more interested in medical research than those randomly excluded from the news flow. “Simply expressed, interest was 30 percent higher in the group that had […]