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A new force for optical tweezers awakens

18 June, 2019 - Göteborgs universitet

When studying biological cells using optical tweezers, one main issue is the damage caused to the cell by the tool. Giovanni Volpe, University of Gothenburg, has discovered a new type of force that will greatly reduce the amount of light used by optical tweezers – and improve the study of all kinds of cells and particles.

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New genes out of nothing

4 June, 2019 - Uppsala universitet

One key question in evolutionary biology is how novel genes arise and develop. Swedish researchers now show how new genes and functions that are advantageous to bacteria can be selected from random DNA sequences. The results are presented in the scientific journal mBio.

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Lowest level of fatalities in organised violence in seven years

4 June, 2019 - Uppsala universitet

New data from the Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP), Uppsala University shows that in 2018 the number of fatalities in organised violence reached the lowest level in seven years. However, the large share of internationalised conflicts, to which external states contribute troops, worries researchers. These conflicts tend to be both bloodier and longer.

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Sexual violence is a driver of women´s political mobilization

4 June, 2019 - Göteborgs universitet

Sexual violence in armed conflict does not necessarily silence women. On the contrary, sexual violence can be a driver of women’s political mobilization for peace and women’s rights, a dissertation from the University of Gothenburg shows. – The findings are encouraging for Sweden’s feminist foreign policy, which emphasizes gender-sensitive approaches to armed conflict and women’s […]

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Stiffening arteries in teenagers with persistent obesity

28 May, 2019 - Göteborgs universitet

Children and adolescents with long-term obesity have increased arterial stiffness by their late teens, a study of more than 3,000 children followed from age 9 to 17 shows. These results, in the researchers’ view, call for more initiatives to reduce teenage obesity. “The teens are a key period for measures to tackle obesity, since doing […]

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Threatened beetles benefit from forest thinning

27 May, 2019 - Göteborgs universitet

Wood-living beetles that use oak trees are a species-rich and threatened animal group in modern forestry and agriculture in southern Sweden. New research from the University of Gothenburg shows that management with conservation thinning can be an effective way to promote these beetles in the long term.

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Thirty years after anorexia onset, fewer ill than healthy

27 May, 2019 - Göteborgs universitet

A study that started in 1985 followed some 50 people who had become anorexic in their teens. It shows that 30 years later, the majority were healthy but some had persistent eating disorders. The study, published in The British Journal of Psychiatry, was carried out at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg. To lose weight, people […]

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Young athletes may need one-year break after knee surgery

23 May, 2019 - Göteborgs universitet

­After surgical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament, young athletes are now recommended to undergo at least a year’s rehab and thorough testing before resuming knee-strenuous sport. Research shows that those who return to sport relatively soon after surgery incur a highly elevated risk of a second ACL injury. “What’s absolutely essential is to let […]