The interviewees express uncertainty in relation to being completely open about their homosexuality. Until training is completed and a solid employment is fixed they fear losing respect, authority and privileges, or in worst cases their job in the Danish army.
The interviewees use a range of complex coping strategies that are adapted to the individual situations, to handle so-called heteronormative assumptions and discrimination at work based on sexual orientation.
According to Hans Henrik Hansen key assumptions in order to prevent discrimination based on sexual orientation at work are besides a policy of diversity, also a management with competence in the field, a clear description of notification procedures and handling of discrimination cases, and a union that explicitly supports its homosexual members and has jurisdiction in this area.
”Minority power model”
The Master of Public Health thesis has also resulted in the development of a new theoretical model. The model describes the correlation between stressors, coping, identity and environment, and the strength gained from belonging to a minority. The studys ”Minority power model” has a new focus on the resources when belonging to a minority, instead of the problems of belonging to one. The model might have potential for being used in other contexts for example, research on other minorities.
Parts af the results of the research was presented at World Out games International Conference on LGBT Human Rights in Copenhagen Denmark July 2009.
Supervisor: Associated professor Ina Borup, NHV
Titel: “Seksuel orienteringsdiskriminering – et studie af seks homoseksuelle mænds oplevelser og erfaringer i det danske Forsvar”
Monica Bengtson, Information Officer, NHV