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Brain model enhances understanding of schizophrenia

5 March, 2004 - Linköpings universitet

A new model for the interaction among the nerve cells of the cerebral cortex may be a step on the way to improving treatment for schizophrenia and ADHD. The model, which describes the function of three types of inhibitory nerve cells in the frontal lobe, is being presented in the scientific journal PNAS by researchers from Linköping University and elsewhere.

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Firefly’s light can help us spot life in space

5 March, 2004 - KTH (Kungliga Tekniska högskolan)

The luminescent substances of the firefly, luciferase, is used today in various forms of bioanalysis, but it is temperature sensitive. Jonas Eiksson, a doctoral student at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm (KTH), has managed to get the substance to function at higher temperatures, which can yield more certain DNA analyses. In the future it may also be able to help trace life in space.

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A world ruled by fungi

5 March, 2004 - Lunds universitet

The catastrophe that extinguished the dinosaurs and other animal species, 65 million years ago also brought dramatic changes to the vegetation. In a study presented in latest issue of the journal Science, the paleontologists Vivi Vajda from the University of Lund, Sweden and Stephen McLoughlin from the Queensland University of Technology, Australia have described what happened to the vegetation month by month. They depict a world in darkness where the fungi had taken over.

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Unemployment leads to political passiveness

1 March, 2004 - Uppsala universitet

Unemployed people are often politically passive. They vote less often in general elections than others, and they don’t believe in their own ability to influence events. In his doctoral dissertation, Per Adman, of the Uppsala University Department of Government, shows the interests of the unemployed risk being ignored when political decisions are made.

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Stress can contribute to childhood diabetes

1 March, 2004 - Linköpings universitet

Stress and difficult life events in the family can contribute to the development of diabetes in children. A correlation between such mental duress and diabetes-related autoimmune activity has been established in studies at Linköping University.

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New model for treatment of rheumatoid artritis indicate stop of inflammatory process and start of healing.

27 February, 2004 - Karolinska Institutet

In the coming issue of the Lancet, Number 9410, a study is published, where a number of Swedish rheumatology research units has participated, shows that patients treated with a combination of etanercept and methotrexate have reduced joint symptoms after 52 weeks of treatment. Combination therapy slowed joint destruction and initiated a repair process.

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Heart disease associated with oral health – studies of women and serological factors

19 February, 2004 - Karolinska Institutet

A new study from Karolinska Institutet shows, for the first time, an association between coronary heart disease and oral health in women. Recent results have also shown that serological factors, might provide insight into the reported epidemiological association between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease.

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How children are affected by passive smoking

11 February, 2004 - Linköpings universitet

Children of smokers have nicotine in their bodies, even if their parents smoke outdoors with the door closed. This is revealed in a study included in a doctoral dissertation by registered nurse and public health researcher AnnaKarin Johansson at Linköping University.

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Four-legged ancestor of land animals found in Europe

29 January, 2004 - Uppsala universitet

In the 19th century a fossil was uncovered in Belgium that was believed to be the jaw of a fish.´Now a team of scientists have shown that it is in fact a fossil from an ancestor of all present-day land animals. It is the first discovery of a so-called tetrapod from the Devonian Period in continental Europe, which may trigger an interest in re-examining objects in museums.